A selection of 12 torsion springs of different sizes and arm lengths

Torsion Spring Manufacturers

As expert torsion spring manufacturers, we know this type of spring is ideal where there is a requirement for angular movement with the legs of the spring attached to other components. When those components rotate around the centre of the spring, the spring tries to push them back to their original position. Torsion springs are used for hinges, counterbalances and lever return applications. They are commonly found in car door handles as they help the handle return to the original position via their abilty to exert a rotary force (torque).

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Double Torsion Springs

Double Torsion Springs are two single torsion springs connected together. They usually consist of one right hand coiled and one left hand coiled bodies both working in parallel with each other, doubling the effective torque available from a single torsion spring of the same size. Designs can be diverse, with centre sections and legs manufactured to any shape with the coiled bodies pitched open or closed. Double torsion springs usually work over a shaft running through the coiled bodies with either the connecting centre section or legs securely fixed. As with single torsion springs, double torsion springs should not be designed for use by winding backwards.

Designing Torsion Springs by CNC or Traditional Methods

We have continued to invest in modern CNC coiling equipment and in the training of our staff to enable the production of complex torsion spring designs and leg shapes by CNC or traditional methods. We use the latest spring design programmes to assist in solving particular torsion spring design issues and can produce a range of samples for design verification and testing.

It’s helpful to know where a spring is designed to fit and what the sizes of the hole and shaft are.

Please also let us know of any other important dimensions.

close up of spring coils

Frequently Asked Torsion Spring Questions

  • What are torsion springs used for?

  • Torsion springs are ideal for applications that require angular movement with the legs of the spring attached to other components. When those components rotate around the centre of the spring, the spring tries to push them back to their original position. Torsion springs are commonly found in hinges, counterbalances, lever return applications, and car door handles, where they help the handle return to its original position by exerting a rotary force (torque).

    The agricultural and construction sectors benefit from this spring design, especially when the correct treatments and finishes are applied to enhance protection against the containments and the weather. Large torsion springs are used in tractors, ploughs and fertiliser sprayers. They are also essential for most heavy plant machinery used in construction, such as excavators and tippers.

    The marine and automotive sectors will use chrome silicone torsion springs for an increasingly smooth movement between the coils without losing the required torsional resistance.

    The medical sector relies on a constantly growing collection of essential medical equipment to help people, and most of these tools and machines need high-quality springs to ensure their reliable function. Small torsion springs are often used for their required capabilities within small areas such as dental equipment or prosthetics. Larger torsion springs made from carbon steel are also used in more obvious applications such as hospital beds and gurneys.

  • What are double torsion springs used for?

  • Double torsion springs are used in applications that necessitate torque to be applied in two directions, such as hinges, counterbalances, and levers where a mechanism must return to its original position after displacement.

    In contrast to single torsion springs, which exert torque in only one direction, double torsion springs can apply torque in two opposing directions. Because of their dual-coil configuration, double torsion springs are more complex in design, while their single-coil counterparts are simpler.

    Furthermore, double torsion springs often have the capacity to handle more load than single torsion springs, which can result in a potentially longer lifespan in applications with substantial torque demands.

    While both types of springs find uses across various applications, double torsion springs are especially suitable for situations requiring opposing forces, whereas single torsion springs are commonly employed where a force in a singular direction suffices.

  • What is Airedale Springs' expertise in torsion spring manufacturing?

  • Airedale Springs has been manufacturing springs for more than 75 years and providing design assistance to many clients. We specialise in the manufacturing of torsion springs, other wire springs, and wire forms, transforming innovative ideas into fully functioning products for various sectors. Airedale Springs has worked with high-profile manufacturers and inventors, such as the Brompton Bicycle team. Our award-winning spring manufacturing process ensures cost-effective, high-quality, and functionally flawless products.

  • Can Airedale Springs design custom torsion springs?

  • Yes, Airedale Springs can design custom torsion springs for your specific needs.

    When designing torsion springs, the most important starting point is the amount of torque required. Once established, our designers will then make a determination on the appropriate proportions, such as wire size and diameter, as well as the number of coils and whether the torsion spring should be ‘right-handed’ or ‘left-handed’. Airedale have also developed methods to design torsion springs that do not suffer from significant tangling problems.

    Torsion springs are ideal where there is a requirement for angular movement with the legs of the spring attached to other components. When those components rotate around the centre of the spring, the spring tries to push them back to their original position. Torsion springs are used for hinges, counterbalances and lever return applications.

    A little expert advice in the early stages of your spring design can help improve your product and avoid costly modifications or redesigns later.

    Our team will assist and guide you from the initial concept to the end product, ensuring that your spring is tailored to be cost-effective, high-quality, and functionally flawless. You can find out more about our bespoke solutions on our custom springs page.


  • Torsion springs are helical, or spiral springs optimised to maintain an impressive rotational pressure between attached surfaces. Unlike the more well-known compression springs, which work linear, torsion springs work rotationally.

    They are manufactured as coiled wire with two extended ends that will be attached to the desired application. As the spring is manipulated, the two ends are rotated, which applies a bending stress and a resistance; this built energy is stored in the spring until the exploited force is removed and the spring returns to its original resting position.

    Torsion springs generally have a much closer wound coil than other spring designs like compression springs. Additionally, some torsion designs will implement a slight pitch to reduce the friction between the adjacent coils and preserve their physical integrity longer.

“As a world renowned manufacturer of analogue scales, spring quality is paramount to our product quality. Due to the closure of our long term supplier, we had to change manufacturers and re-establish a trusted partnership. Airedale, had the skills and the manufacturing capability to allow us to do just that”.

Andrew - Reuben Heaton

Airedale Springs offer great customer service and excellent quality parts. They always respond in a timely and professional manner and are proactive even when things don’t go to plan, to ensure our production isn’t affected. I wouldn’t hesitate to recommend them.

Andrew – Ebac Group

Airedale Springs is always responsive to any enquiries I have, they provide informative updates and understand who we are and what we are doing as a business. At anytime I make contact with them, they let me know they are in receipt of my enquiry and what the next step is, Airedale Springs, provides a professional service at all levels.

Sue – Recipharm

Always a pleasure to deal with Fran and the Airedale Sales Team, prompt, efficient and friendly customer service every time.

Alison – EWAC Ltd

The service we receive from Airedale Springs is second to none. We are supplied with various types of spring on a regular basis which are of a very high standard. We have never had any quality issues.

We receive excellent customer service to the point that Airedale Springs go that extra mile to ensure we are always made aware of lead times and any possible delays. I can’t thank the staff enough for their friendly, attentive service.

Janette – Medical Suppliers and Services International Limited

We have been a customer of Airedale Springs for over 20 years.

I have always had an excellent relationship with the sales team and the M.D. Sean Parkinson.

Airedale Springs has always given us 100% support on new customer business and has always kept us fully informed of any issues which might arise and could affect our orders. We have always had excellent delivery, quality performance.

Airedale Springs has always offered us quantity and price, options to achieve the most completive prices, and has manufactured products which they have held in stock against a committed purchase order giving us the most competitive costing, knowing that parts are available whenever we require them.

I would definitely recommend Airedale Springs as a key supplier to anyone.

Maurice – PSI Global Ltd

Airedale Springs is always helpful with very friendly manners. We have had an issue with springs, and Airedale Springs have done Debar Ltd a big favour in changing the production schedule, so we can get back on track with our customers. Great company. I would 100% recommend.

David – Debar Ltd